Superstition - Right Belief

Ngày đăng: 20-02-2021

What is Superstition? What is a Right belief? What activities are considered eccentrical? What does it mean to be enlightened? How is Liberation attainable?


Crown Prince Tran Anh Tong stood up and spoke to the King:
 
 “Your Majesty, I would like to ask you some questions so that I’ll have knowledge to govern Dai Viet. Can you answer me, Your Majesty?”
 
King Tran Nhan Tong said:
 
- “Feel free to ask any questions. I will answer you.”
 
Crown Prince Tran Anh Tong asked:
 
“Your Majesty, here are my questions:
One: What is Superstition?
Two: What is a Right belief?
Three: What activities are considered eccentrical?
Four: What does it mean to be enlightened?
Five: How is Liberation attainable?
Six: Who do we call the title “Chief”? When I visited China and Japan, there was always a person introducing himself as Chief who welcomed me.
 
Can you answer me, Your Majesty?”
 
King Tran Nhan Tong answered:
 
“Crown Prince Tran Anh Tong:
One: Superstition is the belief of the untrue things, for example:
 
* Beseeching Buddha for blessings is superstitious!
Why? Because Buddha does not have blessings to give away.
 
* Beseeching God for blessings is superstitious!
Why? Because God is not in Human’s world, how can he give people blessings? Therefore, beseeching God for blessings is superstitious!
 
* Beseeching Assura for blessings is superstitious!
Why? Because Assura does not have blessings either, how can he give them to people? Hence, beseeching Assura for blessing is superstitious!
 
* Beseeching Forsaken Spirits for blessings is superstitious!
Why? Because how can Forsaken Spirits have blessings to give people when they have to ask people for even food? So beseeching Forsaken Spirits for blessings is superstitious!
 
Two: Right belief is the belief in the truth, such as:
* Coming to a pagoda to commemorate that Buddha taught humans the 6 Dharma methods; choosing which method to practice is up to one’s will. This is called a right belief.
 
Three: Eccentrical activities: Engage in queer and bizarre activities, for example:
* Kill buffaloes, cows, pigs and goats to sacrifice to deity.
- Dai Viet’s people in the right mind never do such eccentrical things.
 
Four: To be enlightened: Go to those who understand the human world and the cosmos [3] and ask them to teach you.
 
Five: To be liberated: Go to those who know the formula of returning to Buddha’s world and ask them to teach you.
 
Six: The title “Chief" should be used in two situations:
 
1/- The founder and manager of a Zen pagoda who teaches about Enlightenment and Liberation is called the Chief. However, this title can only be used after the Legendary Diary of the Buddha transmitted through Zen Buddhism is released. Otherwise, no one has the right to use this title.
 
2/- However, in China and Japan, this title is used in two situations:
First: Head of a martial arts school, the Chinese called them the Chief.
Second: Head of a shrine of the National Heroes, they are also called the Chief.
 
* As for monks who build pagodas based on money and materials of people’s donation, there have been different titles:
 
1- Master owner of a meditation pagoda for building a pagoda for sitting meditation.
2- Master owner of Middle Way pagoda for building a pagoda to lecture Buddha’s teachings.
3- Master owner of Pure Land pagoda for building a pagoda to recite Buddha’s name.
4- Master owner of Mantra pagoda for building a pagoda to recite mantra.
 
The monk who is indicated by the master owner will inherit the pagoda when the master owner passes away. If there is no will, the masters and monks in the pagoda can hold an election to decide the new master owner.
 
*If the pagoda is built by an ordinary person, the owner is called pagoda proprietor/proprietress. Depending on the method his/her pagoda practices, he/she will be titled pagoda proprietor/proprietress of that method. The inheritance belongs to his/her relatives.”